Taisha Village: There is hope for the masses among the industrial villages——One hundred villages attacking the tough · Going into a deeply impoverished village
A scene of Taisha Village.
Villagers are picking shiitake mushrooms at the edible fungus base.
□ Reporter Hui Zemeng
Taisha Village is located in the south of Yangmei Township, Shuicheng County, with a land area of 29.5 square kilometers. It has 1,450.5 acres of arable land and 15442.95 acres of woodland, with an average elevation of 2100 meters. For a long time, local villagers lived on the cultivation of traditional crops potatoes and corn.
There are 15 villager groups under the jurisdiction of the village. In 2014, the agricultural population was 1075 households with 3938 people. In that year, 380 poor households were identified with 1739 people, and the incidence of poverty was 44%. In recent years, the village has closely focused on the "five batches" of poverty alleviation requirements and "one compliance, two worry-free, three guarantees" poverty alleviation standards, and comprehensively promoted the implementation of various poverty alleviation tasks. At present, the village has a total population of 784 households with 3,622 people, and 13 households with 55 people who have not been lifted out of poverty, and the incidence of poverty has dropped to 1.51%.
On December 11, along a clean and flat highway, the reporter came to Hu Xianzhong, a villager in Dapingzi Group, Taisha Village, Yangmei Town, Shuicheng County. He was 56 years old and was busy picking potato in the cellar. A few minutes ago, a merchant on the street in Yangmei Town called and asked him to help deliver a bag of potatoes.
"Now the roads have been repaired. Most buyers drive directly to their homes to buy them. I also have a tricycle myself, and if I get closer, I will take them directly to the door." There are only 4,000 kilograms of potato left, with only 4,000 kilograms left. Except for the 1,000 kilograms left as seeds, the rest are booked. "This year, I have earned more than 10,000 yuan in potato sales alone!" He told reporters cheerfully.
Taisha Village has an average altitude of 2100 meters, is located in high mountains, has a high altitude and long sunshine hours, and is suitable for the growth of potato. Therefore, local villagers have always been accustomed to planting yam.
"Taisha potato has a good taste and is quite famous in the surrounding area. However, due to the inconvenience of transportation infrastructure and the limitation of small farmers' economic ideology, the cultivation of potato in the village has not formed a large-scale industry." According to Xia Kang, deputy team leader of the Taisha Village's poverty alleviation campaign Introduced that in the past, traditional potato varieties were planted in the village, with low yields, and most of the villagers planted them independently. Most of them were used for their own food or feeding livestock. Only a small part of them went to the market and basically did not produce economic benefits.
How to increase the planting yield and enable the traditional industry of Taisha potato to achieve industrialization and marketization, so as to help villagers increase their income and escape poverty? Taisha Village tried several times and introduced "Qingshu 9" for large-scale planting. In 2018, Taisha Village invested more than 3 million yuan to plant 5,200 acres of "Sweet Potato No. 9", covering 2,500 people in 530 rural households, including 937 people in 210 poor households. The natural conditions of Taisha Village are very suitable for the growth of "Qingshu No. 9", with an average yield of about 4,000 kg per mu, and a total output of 20 million kg in 2018. At the same time, with the sounding of the horn of fighting poverty, Taisha Village's vigorous infrastructure construction allowed cement roads to reach the door of farmers' houses, and people who came to buy Taisha potato followed.
"Someone came to ask when the potato was still in the field. Basically, the year of production was sold out." Xia Kang told reporters that excluding villagers' digestion and the part reserved for seeds, Taisha Village had 10 million in 2018 alone. Catties of potato are sold and the output value reaches 10 million yuan.
"Far, Shuicheng people drove in two cars for three days and asked if my potato was for sale. I do n’t want to sell it for about one piece. Now the transportation is convenient. I can sell one to five pounds on the street by myself." The villager Suo Xingquan has his own plans. He said: "It's almost the Spring Festival, and I want to keep some pot stalls at that time, so that I can make more money."
"Although Taisha potato is small and well-known, it doesn't worry about sales. However, after all, Jerusalem artichoke has low economic value and cannot be developed as a long-term industry for the whole village to get rid of poverty and get rich." Develop long-lasting industries with high economic value and good market prospects.
In recent years, the two committees of the Taisha Village Branch and supporting cadres at all levels have carefully studied deployment, rationalized planning, and further adjusted the industrial structure according to local climate and soil conditions. In 2019, Taisha Village adopted the model of "company + farmer + cooperative", planting 3606 acres of mountain tung trees, covering 7 villager groups, and issuing land transfer funds of more than 1.41 million yuan, involving 199 households with 958 people, including 93 households with 431 poor households. people. After the industry produces benefits, the company, farmers, and cooperatives will make a profit dividend according to the ratio of 4: 4: 2.
"The growth period of Tung Tung Zi is relatively long, and no benefits will be seen in the short term." Xia Kang told reporters that on the basis of planting potato, Taisha Village found a new short-acting industry-edible fungi. In March of this year, Taisha Village built an edible fungus base in the car unit. The base has 81 sheds with 185,000 coryneform bacteria. Bacteria production began at the end of August this year. As of December 11, 110,000 kg of mushrooms have been picked and sold.
"My family owns more than three acres of land and shares a base of 500 yuan per acre each year. My wife and I work at the base and each person can earn 80 yuan a day." Zhao Yinwen, a villager of the Duck Car Group, said that his family had less land. In the past, potato was only enough to eat at home, and there was no extra income. Today, the land is invested in the base. As a ranger in the village, I have a monthly salary of 1,000 yuan. I work in the base in my spare time. The economic conditions are much better than before.
According to the person in charge of the base, the base needs more than 30 workers per day during the peak season, and it usually needs nearly 10, and the average monthly payment of labor costs is about 30,000 yuan.
"Bottom dividends only solve the problem of farmers' meals. To achieve a sustainable increase in income, they must be driven by labor." Xia Kang revealed that Taisha Village has introduced platform companies to invest in the edible fungus industry. At present, it has reached a cooperation intention. At that time, it will More employment opportunities will be sent to the doorsteps of peasant households, which will further increase their income.
"At present, Taisha Village has formed a long-acting industry mountain tung tree, short-acting industry edible fungi, and potato industry layout. The endogenous motivation of farmers has continued to increase, they have more trust and support for us, and we are more confident in getting rid of poverty and getting rich." Xia Kang said , Taisha Village will continue to promote the plantation of Chinese tung tree and the cultivation of edible fungi.
"No matter what industry the village wants to engage in, as long as it can bring benefits to our village and help people achieve good development, we are very supportive." Suo Xingquan said that the government's good policies have greatly changed the rural environment. They His living conditions have also continued to improve. He believes that with the party and the government, life will definitely get better and better.
"Road" Passes People and Promises
Taisha Village is located in a cold mountainous area, and has been shrouded in poverty for many years because it cannot find a way out for development. After the fight against poverty began, Taisha Village not only opened the way to the outside world, but also found a suitable industrial development road to eliminate poverty according to its own conditions.
During the interview, the reporter was able to feel that while fighting against poverty has changed the rural environment, it has also narrowed the distance between cadres and the masses. After getting the benefits from poverty alleviation, the villagers have more trust and support for cadres, and the two sides work together for a better life.
Today's Taisha Village has formed an industrial layout combining long and short periods, harmonious relations between the cadres and the masses, stronger endogenous motivation, and greater confidence in getting rid of poverty and becoming rich.