Implementing Subject Responsibilities and Guarding Campus Food Safety——The heads of the relevant departments of the four departments including the General Administration of Market Supervision, the Ministry of Education and other departments answered questions from the reporter on "Guiding Opinions on Implementing Subject Responsibility and Strengthening Campus Food Safety Management"
Recently, the State General Administration of Market Supervision, the Ministry of Education, the National Health and Health Commission, and the Ministry of Public Security jointly issued and issued the "Guiding Opinions on Strengthening Campus Food Safety Management by Implementing Subject Responsibilities" (hereinafter referred to as the "Guiding Opinions"). The heads of the Food Market Safety Supervision and Administration Department of the State Administration of Market Supervision, the Department of Sports Health and Art Education of the Ministry of Education, the Food Safety Standards and Monitoring and Evaluation Department of the National Health and Health Commission, and the Food and Drug Crime Investigation Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security answered questions related to the Guiding Opinions The reporter asked.
Q: The joint action of the State Administration of Market Supervision, the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Education, and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs on food safety issues has made positive progress. At this time, what is the purpose of issuing the Guiding Opinions?
出台《指导意见》的主要目的是，将联合行动中校园食品安全专项整治工作采取的有效措施、形成的有益经验转化为强化校园食品安全管理的长效机制，进一步推动学校及幼儿园、供餐单位落实食品安全主体责任，力求从根本上解决校园食品安全问题。 A: The main purpose of the "Guiding Opinions" is to transform the effective measures and useful experiences formed in the special rectification of campus food safety in joint operations into a long-term mechanism to strengthen campus food safety management, and further promote schools and kindergartens, schools and schools. Meal units implement the main responsibility of food safety, and strive to fundamentally solve the problem of food safety on campus.
Q: What new requirements does the Guiding Opinions impose on food safety management for off-campus feeding units?
《指导意见》对强化供餐单位食品安全管理做了许多充实、细化，其中有两点最为突出。 Answer: The Guiding Opinions has made many enhancements and refinements to the food safety management of food-feeding units. Two of them are the most prominent. The first is that the "Guiding Opinions" focus on strengthening personnel training and improving their food safety literacy, specifically "participating regularly in food safety training and assessment, conducting intensive studies once a week, and mastering food safety laws and regulations". The second is that the Guiding Opinions focuses on the prevention and control of food safety risks, and requires the catering units to "perform weekly food safety self-examination, find food safety problems and hidden dangers, and immediately take rectification measures to ensure that the rectification is in place and report to the local market supervision department." .
Question: It is always a worry and annoyance for ordinary people to operate food without a license and without a license around the campus. In order to solve such problems, what measures does the "Guidelines" propose?
《指导意见》明确规定，对学校周边用房有管理权限的学校，不得将周边用房租借给无证无照从事食品生产经营活动的个人或单位。 Answer: The "Guiding Opinions" clearly stipulates that schools with management authority over the houses around the school may not rent the houses around to individuals or units engaged in food production and business activities without a license. At the same time, it is clear that the connection between administrative law enforcement and criminal justice is strengthened, the administrative supervision department promptly transfers food safety cases suspected of crime to the public security organs, and the public security organs severely crack down on food security crimes in schools and surrounding areas.
Q: What are the new measures of the Guiding Opinions on strengthening campus food safety management? What is the original intention of the system design?
《指导意见》有两个最大的亮点，一是具备条件的中小学、幼儿园食堂原则上采用自营方式供餐，不再签订新的承包或者委托经营合同。 Answer: The Guiding Opinions has two biggest highlights. One is that the elementary and middle school and kindergarten canteens that meet the requirements use self-supported meals in principle, and no new contract or entrusted operating contract is signed. Second, non-boarding schools, kindergartens, and kindergartens are not allowed to set up food stores and supermarkets in schools.
Due to the one-sided pursuit of economic benefits, some off-campus catering units, contracted or entrusted canteens can easily relax food safety management. In the supervision and law enforcement, it was also found that the problem of foodborne diseases was caused by the failure to implement the main responsibilities and the neglect of food safety management. In order to effectively and effectively prevent such security risks, the Guiding Opinions requires that qualified primary and secondary schools and kindergartens canteens adopt self-supported meals in principle.
In order to promote the development of healthy eating habits for primary and middle school students and young children, and to take in nutritional needs through meals, to prevent one-sided dependence on snacks, the Guidance Requires that non-boarding primary and secondary schools and kindergartens should not, in principle, have food stalls and supermarkets in schools.
Question: At present, schools and kindergartens are fully implementing the principal meal system. What new and detailed requirements does the Guiding Opinion put forward to the principal's meal system?
在总结地方实践经验的基础上，《指导意见》从两个方面推动学校和幼儿园将校长陪餐制落到实处。 Answer: On the basis of summing up local practical experience, the Guiding Opinions promotes the implementation of the principal's meal system in schools and kindergartens from two aspects. The first is to clarify the specific content of the meal catering work, requiring the meal catering staff to objectively evaluate the meals, supervise the canteen's environmental hygiene, and the work situation of the employees, and make a record. The second is to pay attention to the timely resolution of problems and hidden dangers, and require immediate rectification of food safety problems and hidden dangers that are discovered during meals and reflected by students, and review the results of the rectification.
Q: At present, the coverage rate of the “Ming Chu Liang Zhuo” in the school cafeteria has exceeded 90%. What are the new measures introduced by the Guiding Opinions in bringing into full play the role of "bright cooks"?
《指导意见》注重借助科技手段，实现智慧监管，提高校园食品安全监管效能，要求市场监管、教育行政部门积极借助“明厨亮灶+互联网”，随机抽查供餐单位和学校食堂的食品安全状况，主动查找、发现供餐单位和学校食堂的食品安全问题及风险隐患。 Answer: The Guidance Opinion focuses on the use of scientific and technological means to achieve smart supervision and improve the effectiveness of campus food safety supervision. It requires market supervision and education administration departments to actively use "Mingzhu Liangzhu + Internet" to randomly check the food in the catering units and the school cafeteria. Safety status, proactively find and discover food safety problems and hidden dangers in the catering unit and school cafeteria.
Question: An important force in strengthening the co-governance of campus food safety society is the parents of students. What useful explorations and attempts have the Guiding Opinions made in the role of parental social supervision?
积极吸纳家长委员会代表参与学校食品安全例行检查，是强化校园食品安全社会共治的一种重要的方式创新。 Answer: Actively involving parent committee representatives to participate in routine school food safety inspections is an important way to strengthen social co-governance of school food safety. The "Guiding Opinions" requires qualified primary and secondary schools and kindergartens to establish and improve relevant systems, and clarify the content and frequency of inspections.